A knee pain can be caused by many reasons yet each time it is painful and restricting. A knee injury affects any of the ligaments, tendons or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that surround the knee joint as well as the bones, cartilage and ligaments that form the joint .
Some of the more common knee injuries include:
1) ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
2) The bones of the knee, including the kneecap (patella), can be broken.
3) Torn meniscus. The meniscus is the tough, rubbery cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between the shin-bone and thigh-bone.
4) Knee bursitis. Some knee injuries cause inflammation in the small sacs of fluid that cushion the outside of your knee joint
5) Patellar tendinitis. Tendinitis is irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons.
6) Iliotibial band syndrome occurs when the Iliotibial band becomes so tight that it rubs against the outer portion of your femur.
7) Dislocated kneecap occurs when patella slips out of place. usually to the outside of your knee.
8) Osteoarthritis. It is a condition that occurs when the cartilage in your knee deteriorates with use and age.
The cause of the knee pain can be determined from the symptoms experienced. Each cause of knee pain has a specific type of treatment.
Physiotherapists can remove the source of the knee pain by identifying a cause such as muscle tightness around the knee, and treating it with exercises or stretching.
Depending on the cause, a program of physiotherapy can ease pain by strengthening the muscles that surround painful joints or muscles to correct a muscle imbalance, soft tissue massage, joint mobilization, and the fitting of custom made orthotics (bio mechanics) to correct excessive foot pronation.
Physiotherapy is the most inexpensive and efficient way to cure and rehabilitate most of the knee injuries, exercises are easy yet they relieve the muscular tension.
Physiotherapy can even treat long-term knee problems.